Spinal Cord Injury Levels - Functionality of T10 - L1 Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Injury Level Sections

C1 - C3 : C4 : C5 : C6 : C7 - C8 : T1 - T4 : T5 - T9 : T10 - L1 : L2 - S5

Mobility & Movement

A T10-L1 paraplegic would have the full use of the upper body and strength and balance will vary depending on level of injury, but the lower the level, the stronger the upper body strength and balance. Partial paralysis of lower body and legs.

A manual wheelchair may be used for everyday living, with the ability to go over uneven ground.

Ability to transfer independently from bed to chair, and chair to car. It may be possible to transfer from floor to chair depending on upper body strength. It may also be possible to transfer from sitting position to standing frame independently.

Ability to drive a car adapted with hand controls. Ability to load wheelchair into car independently.

Respiratory System

Normal respiratory system.

Personal Care

Should be independent in personal care as long as no other factors are involved, ie, additional injuries, severe spasticity etc.

Domestic Care

Partial domestic assistance is required, such as heavy household cleaning and home maintenance.

Ability to prepare complex meals and general household duties independently.


Normal communication skills apply.

The above functionality guide is only a general guide. Abilities will vary depending on the persons weight, existing medical conditions and age.