Spinal Cord Injury Levels - Functionality of C5 Spinal Cord Injury
Mobility & Movement
Full head and neck movement with good muscle
strength. Good shoulder movement.
Complete paralysis of body and legs. No finger
or wrist movement. No elbow extension, good elbow flexion.
Sympathetic nervous system will be compromised,
possibility of Autonomic Dysreflexia.
Electric wheelchair can be controlled with
a hand control for uneven surfaces. A manual wheelchair may
be used for short distances on flat surfaces.
The person will require total
assistance when transferring from a bed to a wheelchair and
from a wheelchair into a car. A hoist will have to be used,
possibly by one to two assistants for safety.
Ability to feed self using feeding
strap and fork or spoon during mealtimes. Food will need cutting.
Ability to drive a car adapted with hand controls. Assistance may be required to load wheelchair into car independently.
Able to breathe without a ventilator
using diaphragm. Low stamina.
Assistance required to clear secretions
and assistance in coughing will be required.
Complete personal assistance is
required. The person will need assistance with washing, dressing,
and assistance with bowel and bladder management.
Ability to shave and brush hair
may be possible with palm straps.
Complete domestic care is required,
such as household cleaning, washing of clothes and kitchen
duties, preparation of meals and general household duties.
A computer may be operated using
a typing stick or voice recognition. Telephone can be used
using voice recognition and headset.
The above functionality guide is only a general guide. Abilities will vary depending on the persons weight, existing medical conditions and age.