Paraplegic Exercise Research Articles

The following articles researching paraplegic exercise have been recovered from the PubMed database. In order to obtain further information on an exercise article, enter the PMID, highlighted in bold into the search box to the right of this page. You will then be shown the article reference and be given further options to either view an abstract of the article, or purchase the full article.

  • PubMed ID Number

1: Hopman MT, Houtman S, Groothuis JT, Folgering HT.
The effect of varied fractional inspired oxygen on arm exercise performance in spinal cord injury and able-bodied persons. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Feb;85(2):319-23.
PMID: 14966720 [PubMed - in process]

2: Crameri RM, Cooper P, Sinclair PJ, Bryant G, Weston A.
Effect of load during electrical stimulation training in spinal cord injury. Muscle Nerve. 2004 Jan;29(1):104-11.
PMID: 14694505 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

3: de Groot PC, Hjeltnes N, Heijboer AC, Stal W, Birkeland K.
Effect of training intensity on physical capacity, lipid profile and insulin sensitivity in early rehabilitation of spinal cord injured individuals. Spinal Cord. 2003 Dec;41(12):673-9.
PMID: 14639446 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

4: Jezernik S, Scharer R, Colombo G, Morari M.
Adaptive robotic rehabilitation of locomotion: a clinical study in spinally injured individuals. Spinal Cord. 2003 Dec;41(12):657-66.
PMID: 14639444 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

5: Agarwal S, Triolo RJ, Kobetic R, Miller M, Bieri C, Kukke S, Rohde L, Davis JA Jr.
Long-term user perceptions of an implanted neuroprosthesis for exercise, standing, and transfers after spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2003 May-Jun;40(3):241-52.
PMID: 14582528 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

6: Kawashima N, Sone Y, Nakazawa K, Akai M, Yano H.
Energy expenditure during walking with weight-bearing control (WBC) orthosis in thoracic level of paraplegic patients. Spinal Cord. 2003 Sep;41(9):506-10.
PMID: 12934091 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

7: Harvey LA, McQuade L, Hawthorne S, Byak A.
Quantifying the magnitude of torque physiotherapists apply when stretching the hamstring muscles of people with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Jul;84(7):1072-5.
PMID: 12881837 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

8: Agarwal S, Kobetic R, Nandurkar S, Marsolais EB.
Functional electrical stimulation for walking in paraplegia: 17-year follow-up of 2 cases. J Spinal Cord Med. 2003 Spring;26(1):86-91.
PMID: 12830975 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

9: Jacobs PL, Mahoney ET, Johnson B.
Reliability of arm Wingate Anaerobic Testing in persons with complete paraplegia. J Spinal Cord Med. 2003 Summer;26(2):141-4.
PMID: 12828291 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

10: Dela F, Mohr T, Jensen CM, Haahr HL, Secher NH, Biering-Sorensen F, Kjaer M.
Cardiovascular control during exercise: insights from spinal cord-injured humans. Circulation. 2003 Apr 29;107(16):2127-33. Epub 2003 Apr 14.
PMID: 12695298 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

11: Davoodi R, Andrews BJ, Wheeler GD, Lederer R.
Development of an indoor rowing machine with manual FES controller for total body exercise in paraplegia. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2002 Sep;10(3):197-203.
PMID: 12503785 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

12: Perkins TA, de N Donaldson N, Hatcher NA, Swain ID, Wood DE.
Control of leg-powered paraplegic cycling using stimulation of the lumbo-sacral anterior spinal nerve roots. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2002 Sep;10(3):158-64.
PMID: 12503780 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

13: De Mello MT, Silva AC, Esteves AM, Tufik S.
Reduction of periodic leg movement in individuals with paraplegia following aerobic physical exercise. Spinal Cord. 2002 Dec;40(12):646-9.
PMID: 12483498 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

14: Gates PE, Campbell IG, George KP.
Absence of training-specific cardiac adaptation in paraplegic athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Nov;34(11):1699-704.
PMID: 12439071 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

15: Raymond J, Schoneveld K, Van Kemenade CH, Davis GM.
Onset of electrical stimulation leg cycling in individuals with paraplegia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Oct;34(10):1557-62.
PMID: 12370555 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

16: Jacobs PL, Mahoney ET.
Peak exercise capacity of electrically induced ambulation in persons with paraplegia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Oct;34(10):1551-6.
PMID: 12370554 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

17: Grange CC, Bougenot MP, Groslambert A, Tordi N, Rouillon JD.
Perceived exertion and rehabilitation with wheelchair ergometer: comparison between patients with spinal cord injury and healthy subjects. Spinal Cord. 2002 Oct;40(10):513-8.
PMID: 12235533 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

18: Jacobs PL, Mahoney ET, Robbins A, Nash M.
Hypokinetic circulation in persons with paraplegia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Sep;34(9):1401-7.
PMID: 12218730 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

19: Szlachcic Y, Adkins RH, Waters RL, Govindarajan S, Wang J, Yee F, Greenwood J.
Incidence and clinical correlates of increased serum creatine kinase levels in persons with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2002 Fall;25(3):156-60.
PMID: 12214901 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

20: Theisen D, Fornusek C, Raymond J, Davis GM.
External power output changes during prolonged cycling with electrical stimulation. J Rehabil Med. 2002 Jul;34(4):171-5.
PMID: 12201612 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

21: Bessant R, Keat A.
How should clinicians manage osteoporosis in ankylosing spondylitis? J Rheumatol. 2002 Jul;29(7):1511-9. Review.
PMID: 12136913 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

22: Raymond J, Davis GM, van der Plas M.
Cardiovascular responses during submaximal electrical stimulation-induced leg cycling in individuals with paraplegia. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2002 Mar;22(2):92-8.
PMID: 12005161 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

23: Petrofsky JS, Laymon M.
The effect of ageing in spinal cord injured humans on the blood pressure and heart rate responses during fatiguing isometric exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2002 Apr;86(6):479-86. Epub 2002 Feb 23.
PMID: 11944094 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

24: Fitzwater R.
A personal user's view of functional electrical stimulation cycling. Artif Organs. 2002 Mar;26(3):284-6.
PMID: 11940034 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

25: Janssen TW, Dallmeijer AJ, Veeger DJ, van der Woude LH.
Normative values and determinants of physical capacity in individuals with spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2002 Jan-Feb;39(1):29-39.
PMID: 11930906 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

26: Jacobs PL, Mahoney ET, Nash MS, Green BA.
Circuit resistance training in persons with complete paraplegia. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2002 Jan-Feb;39(1):21-8.
PMID: 11926325 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

27: Collins HL, Dicarlo SE.
Acute exercise reduces the response to colon distension in T(5) spinal rats. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Apr;282(4):H1566-70.
PMID: 11893594 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

28: Jeon JY, Weiss CB, Steadward RD, Ryan E, Burnham RS, Bell G, Chilibeck P, Wheeler GD.
Improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity after electrical stimulation-assisted cycling in people with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2002 Mar;40(3):110-7.
PMID: 11859437 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

29: Abel R, Schablowski M, Rupp R, Gerner HJ.
Gait analysis on the treadmill - monitoring exercise in the treatment of paraplegia. Spinal Cord. 2002 Jan;40(1):17-22.
PMID: 11821965 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

30: Knechtle B, Kopfli W.
Treadmill exercise testing with increasing inclination as exercise protocol for wheelchair athletes. Spinal Cord. 2001 Dec;39(12):633-6.
PMID: 11781859 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

31: Davis JA Jr, Triolo RJ, Uhlir J, Bieri C, Rohde L, Lissy D, Kukke S.
Preliminary performance of a surgically implanted neuroprosthesis for standing and transfers--where do we stand? J Rehabil Res Dev. 2001 Nov-Dec;38(6):609-17.
PMID: 11767968 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

32: Petrofsk JS.
Blood pressure and heart rate response to isometric exercise: the effect of spinal cord injury in humans. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001 Oct;85(6):521-6.
PMID: 11718279 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

33: Dallmeijer AJ, van der Woude LH.
Health related functional status in men with spinal cord injury: relationship with lesion level and endurance capacity. Spinal Cord. 2001 Nov;39(11):577-83.
PMID: 11641807 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

34: Nash MS, Jacobs PL, Mendez AJ, Goldberg RB.
Circuit resistance training improves the atherogenic lipid profiles of persons with chronic paraplegia. J Spinal Cord Med. 2001 Spring;24(1):2-9.
PMID: 11587430 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

35: Jacobs PL, Nash MS.
Modes, benefits, and risks of voluntary an delectrically induced exercise in persons with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2001 Spring;24(1):10-8. Review.
PMID: 11587428 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

36: Yamasaki M, Kim KT, Choi SW, Muraki S, Shiokawa M, Kurokawa T.
Characteristics of body heat balance of paraplegics during exercise in a hot environment. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 2001 Jul;20(4):227-32.
PMID: 11575185 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

37: Riess J, Abbas JJ.
Adaptive control of cyclic movements as muscles fatigue using functional neuromuscular stimulation. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2001 Sep;9(3):326-30.
PMID: 11561670 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

38: Bazzi-Grossin C, Bonnin P, Bailliart O, Bazzi H, Kedra AW, Martineaud JP.
[Maximal exercise in spinal cord injured subjects: effects of an antigravity suit] Sci Sports. 1996;11(3):173-9. French.
PMID: 11541516 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

39: Raymond J, Davis GM, Clarke J, Bryant G.
Cardiovascular responses during arm exercise and orthostatic challenge in individuals with paraplegia. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001 Jul;85(1-2):89-95.
PMID: 11513326 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

40: Kjaer M, Mohr T, Biering-Sorensen F, Bangsbo J.
Muscle enzyme adaptation to training and tapering-off in spinal-cord-injured humans. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001 May;84(5):482-6.
PMID: 11417439 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

41: Gerrits HL, de Haan A, Sargeant AJ, van Langen H, Hopman MT.
Peripheral vascular changes after electrically stimulated cycle training in people with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Jun;82(6):832-9.
PMID: 11387591 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

42: Davis R, Patrick J, Barriskill A.
Development of functional electrical stimulators utilizing cochlear implant technology. Med Eng Phys. 2001 Jan;23(1):61-8.
PMID: 11344009 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

43: Gass EM, Gass GC.
Thermoregulatory responses to repeated warm water immersion in subjects who are paraplegic. Spinal Cord. 2001 Mar;39(3):149-55.
PMID: 11326325 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

44: Jacobs PL, Nash MS, Rusinowski JW.
Circuit training provides cardiorespiratory and strength benefits in persons with paraplegia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 May;33(5):711-7.
PMID: 11323537 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

45: Iellamo F.
Baroreflex control of heart rate during exercise: a topic of perennial conflict. J Appl Physiol. 2001 Mar;90(3):1184-5. No abstract available.
PMID: 11286189 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

46: Theisen D, Vanlandewijck Y, Sturbois X, Francaux M.
Cutaneous vascular response and thermoregulation in individuals with paraplegia during sustained arm-cranking exercise. Int J Sports Med. 2001 Feb;22(2):97-102.
PMID: 11281624 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

47: Holme E, Mohr T, Kjaer M, Nielsen B.
Temperature responses to electrically induced cycling in spinal cord injured persons. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Mar;33(3):431-5.
PMID: 11252070 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

48: Kjaer M, Mohr T, Dela F, Secher N, Galbo H, Olesen H, Sorensen F, Schifter S.
Leg uptake of calcitonin gene-related peptide during exercise in spinal cord injured humans. Clin Physiol. 2001 Jan;21(1):32-8.
PMID: 11168294 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

49: Petrofsky JS, Laymon M.
Blood pressure and heart rate responses during a fatiguing isometric exercise in paraplegic men with hypertension. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Nov;83(4 -5):274-82.
PMID: 11138564 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

50: Tran TM, Moss F, Robinson LR, Chiou-Tan FY.
Increased threshold sural amplitude after upper limb isometric contraction in complete paraplegics. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2000 Nov-Dec;79(6):542-6.
PMID: 11083305 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

51: Durozard D, Gabrielle C, Baverel G.
Metabolism of rat skeletal muscle after spinal cord transection. Muscle Nerve. 2000 Oct;23(10):1561-8.
PMID: 11003792 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

52: Petrofsky JS, Stacy R, Laymon M.
The relationship between exercise work intervals and duration of exercise on lower extremity training induced by electrical stimulation in humans with spinal cord injuries. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Aug;82(5-6):504-9.
PMID: 10985608 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

53: Rodgers MM, Keyser RE, Gardner ER, Russell PJ, Gorman PH.
Influence of trunk flexion on biomechanics of wheelchair propulsion. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2000 May-Jun;37(3):283-95. No abstract available.
PMID: 10917260 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

54: Steinberg LL, Lauro FA, Sposito MM, Tufik S, Mello MT, Naffah-Mazzacoratti MG, Cavalheiro EA, Silva AC.
Catecholamine response to exercise in individuals with different levels of paraplegia. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2000 Aug;33(8):913-8.
PMID: 10920433 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

55: Frey-Rindova P, de Bruin ED, Stussi E, Dambacher MA, Dietz V.
Bone mineral density in upper and lower extremities during 12 months after spinal cord injury measured by peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Spinal Cord. 2000 Jan;38(1):26-32.
PMID: 10762194 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

56: Bernard PL, Mercier J, Varray A, Prefaut C.
Influence of lesion level on the cardioventilatory adaptations in paraplegic wheelchair athletes during muscular exercise. Spinal Cord. 2000 Jan;38(1):16-25.
PMID: 10762193 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

57: Bauman WA, Spungen AM.
Metabolic changes in persons after spinal cord injury. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2000 Feb;11(1):109-40. Review.
PMID: 10680161 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

58: Muraki S, Ehara Y, Yamasaki M.
Cardiovascular responses at the onset of passive leg cycle exercise in paraplegics with spinal cord injury. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Mar;81(4):271-4.
PMID: 10664084 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

59: Manns PJ, Chad KE.
Determining the relation between quality of life, handicap, fitness, and physical activity for persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1999 Dec;80(12):1566-71.
PMID: 10597807 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

60: Muraki S, Tsunawake N, Tahara Y, Hiramatsu S, Yamasaki M.
Multivariate analysis of factors influencing physical work capacity in wheelchair-dependent paraplegics with spinal cord injury. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Jan;81(1-2):28-32.
PMID: 10552263 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

61: Dallmeijer AJ, van der Woude LH, Hollander AP, van As HH.
Physical performance during rehabilitation in persons with spinal cord injuries. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 Sep;31(9):1330-5.
PMID: 10487376 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

62: Bajd T, Munih M, Kralj A.
Problems associated with FES-standing in paraplegia. Technol Health Care. 1999;7(4):301-8.
PMID: 10461794 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

63: Kern H, Hofer C, Strohhofer M, Mayr W, Richter W, Stohr H.
Standing up with denervated muscles in humans using functional electrical stimulation. Artif Organs. 1999 May;23(5):447-52.
PMID: 10378940 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

64: Raymond J, Davis GM, Climstein M, Sutton JR.
Cardiorespiratory responses to arm cranking and electrical stimulation leg cycling in people with paraplegia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 Jun;31(6):822-8.
PMID: 10378909 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

65: Wang H, Hiatt WR, Barstow TJ, Brass EP.
Relationships between muscle mitochondrial DNA content, mitochondrial enzyme activity and oxidative capacity in man: alterations with disease. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1999 Jun;80(1):22-7.
PMID: 10367719 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

66: Kjaer M, Pott F, Mohr T, Linkis P, Tornoe P, Secher NH.
Heart rate during exercise with leg vascular occlusion in spinal cord-injured humans. J Appl Physiol. 1999 Mar;86(3):806-11.
PMID: 10066689 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

67: Klokker M, Mohr T, Kjaer M, Galbo H, Pedersen BK.
The natural killer cell response to exercise in spinal cord injured individuals. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1998 Dec;79(1):106-9.
PMID: 10052669 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

68: Beekman CE, Miller-Porter L, Schoneberger M.
Energy cost of propulsion in standard and ultralight wheelchairs in people with spinal cord injuries. Phys Ther. 1999 Feb;79(2):146-58.
PMID: 10029055 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

69: Colombo G, Wirz M, Dietz V.
Effect of locomotor training related to clinical and electrophysiological examinations in spinal cord injured humans. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998 Nov 16;860:536-8. No abstract available.
PMID: 9928356 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

70: Wernig A, Nanassy A, Muller S.
Maintenance of locomotor abilities following Laufband (treadmill) therapy in para- and tetraplegic persons: follow-up studies. Spinal Cord. 1998 Nov;36(11):744-9.
PMID: 9848480 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

71: Hopman MT, Monroe M, Dueck C, Phillips WT, Skinner JS.
Blood redistribution and circulatory responses to submaximal arm exercise in persons with spinal cord injury. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1998 Sep;30(3):167-74.
PMID: 9782544 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

72: Furusawa K, Tajima F, Tanaka Y, Ide M, Ogata H.
Short-term attenuation of natural killer cell cytotoxic activity in wheelchair marathoners with paraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Sep;79(9):1116-21.
PMID: 9749694 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

73: Graupe D, Kohn KH.
Functional neuromuscular stimulator for short-distance ambulation by certain thoracic-level spinal-cord-injured paraplegics. Surg Neurol. 1998 Sep;50(3):202-7.
PMID: 9736079 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

74: Valayer-Chaleat E, Calmels P, Giraux P, Fayolle-Minon I.
Femoral fracture and iatrogenic hyperthyroidism in spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 1998 Aug;36(8):593-5.
PMID: 9713932 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

75: Yamasaki M, Komura T, Tahara Y, Muraki S, Tsunawake N, Ehara Y, Fujiie K.
Relationship between physical characteristics and physiological responses during maximal arm cranking in paraplegics. Spinal Cord. 1998 Aug;36(8):579-83.
PMID: 9713928 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

76: Davis R, Houdayer T, Andrews B, Emmons S, Patrick J.
Paraplegia: prolonged closed-loop standing with implanted nucleus FES-22 stimulator and Andrews' foot-ankle orthosis. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 1997;69(1-4 Pt 2):281-7.
PMID: 9711768 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

77: Schmid A, Huonker M, Barturen JM, Stahl F, Schmidt-Trucksass A, Konig D, Grathwohl D, Lehmann M, Keul J.
Catecholamines, heart rate, and oxygen uptake during exercise in persons with spinal cord injury. J Appl Physiol. 1998 Aug;85(2):635-41.
PMID: 9688742 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

78: Seelen HA, Potten YJ, Drukker J, Reulen JP, Pons C.
Development of new muscle synergies in postural control in spinal cord injured subjects. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 1998 Feb;8(1):23-34.
PMID: 9667031 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

79: Dallmeijer AJ, van der Woude LH, Veeger HE, Hollander AP.
Effectiveness of force application in manual wheelchair propulsion in persons with spinal cord injuries. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 May-Jun;77(3):213-21.
PMID: 9635556 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

80: Silva AC, Neder JA, Chiurciu MV, Pasqualin DC, da Silva RC, Fernandez AC, Lauro FA, de Mello MT, Tufik S.
Effect of aerobic training on ventilatory muscle endurance of spinal cord injured men. Spinal Cord. 1998 Apr;36(4):240-5.
PMID: 9589523 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

81: Hopman MT, Dueck C, Monroe M, Philips WT, Skinner JS.
Limits to maximal performance in individuals with spinal cord injury. Int J Sports Med. 1998 Feb;19(2):98-103.
PMID: 9562217 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

82: Hutzler Y, Ochana S, Bolotin R, Kalina E.
Aerobic and anaerobic arm-cranking power outputs of males with lower limb impairments: relationship with sport participation intensity, age, impairment and functional classification. Spinal Cord. 1998 Mar;36(3):205-12.
PMID: 9554023 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

83: Schmid A, Huonker M, Stahl F, Barturen JM, Konig D, Heim M, Lehmann M, Keul J.
Free plasma catecholamines in spinal cord injured persons with different injury levels at rest and during exercise. J Auton Nerv Syst. 1998 Jan 19;68(1-2):96-100.
PMID: 9531449 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

84: Munakata M, Kameyama J, Kanazawa M, Nunokawa T, Moriai N, Yoshinaga K.
Circadian blood pressure rhythm in patients with higher and lower spinal cord injury: simultaneous evaluation of autonomic nervous activity and physical activity. J Hypertens. 1997 Dec;15(12 Pt 2):1745-9.
PMID: 9488233 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

85: Steinberg LL, Sposito MM, Lauro FA, Tufik S, Mello MT, Naffah-Mazzacoratti MG, Cavalheiro EA, Silva AC.
Serum level of serotonin during rest and during exercise in paraplegic patients. Spinal Cord. 1998 Jan;36(1):18-20.
PMID: 9471132 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

86: Thomas AJ, Davis GM, Sutton JR.
Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to electrical stimulation-induced leg exercise in spinal cord injury. Methods Inf Med. 1997 Dec;36(4-5):372-5.
PMID: 9470402 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

87: Raymond J, Davis GM, Fahey A, Climstein M, Sutton JR.
Oxygen uptake and heart rate responses during arm vs combined arm/electrically stimulated leg exercise in people with paraplegia. Spinal Cord. 1997 Oct;35(10):680-5.
PMID: 9347597 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

88: Nash MS, Jacobs PL, Montalvo BM, Klose KJ, Guest RS, Needham-Shropshire BM.
Evaluation of a training program for persons with SCI paraplegia using the Parastep 1 ambulation system: part 5. Lower extremity blood flow and hyperemic responses to occlusion are augmented by ambulation training. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997 Aug;78(8):808-14.
PMID: 9344298 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

89: Needham-Shropshire BM, Broton JG, Klose KJ, Lebwohl N, Guest RS, Jacobs PL.
Evaluation of a training program for persons with SCI paraplegia using the Parastep 1 ambulation system: part 3. Lack of effect on bone mineral density. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997 Aug;78(8):799-803.
PMID: 9344296 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

90: Jacobs PL, Nash MS, Klose KJ, Guest RS, Needham-Shropshire BM, Green BA.
Evaluation of a training program for persons with SCI paraplegia using the Parastep 1 ambulation system: part 2. Effects on physiological responses to peak arm ergometry. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997 Aug;78(8):794-8.
PMID: 9344295 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

91: Mohr T, Podenphant J, Biering-Sorensen F, Galbo H, Thamsborg G, Kjaer M.
Increased bone mineral density after prolonged electrically induced cycle training of paralyzed limbs in spinal cord injured man. Calcif Tissue Int. 1997 Jul;61(1):22-5.
PMID: 9192506 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

92: Franceschini M, Baratta S, Zampolini M, Loria D, Lotta S.
Reciprocating gait orthoses: a multicenter study of their use by spinal cord injured patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997 Jun;78(6):582-6.
PMID: 9196464 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

93: Donovan WH, Brown DJ, Ditunno JF Jr, Dollfus P, Frankel HL.
Neurological issues. Spinal Cord. 1997 May;35(5):275-81.
PMID: 9160450 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

94: Dietz V, Wirz M, Jensen L.
Locomotion in patients with spinal cord injuries. Phys Ther. 1997 May;77(5):508-16. Review.
PMID: 9149761 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

95: Mello MT, Silva AC, Rueda AD, Poyares D, Tufik S.
Correlation between K complex, periodic leg movements (PLM), and myoclonus during sleep in paraplegic adults before and after an acute physical activity. Spinal Cord. 1997 Apr;35(4):248-52.
PMID: 9143089 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

96: Rosche J, Paulus C, Maisch U, Kaspar A, Mauch E, Kornhuber HH.
The effects of therapy on spasticity utilizing a motorized exercise-cycle. Spinal Cord. 1997 Mar;35(3):176-8.
PMID: 9076869 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

97: Mohr T, Andersen JL, Biering-Sorensen F, Galbo H, Bangsbo J, Wagner A, Kjaer M.
Long-term adaptation to electrically induced cycle training in severe spinal cord injured individuals. Spinal Cord. 1997 Jan;35(1):1-16. Erratum in: Spinal Cord 1997 Apr;35(4):262.
PMID: 9025213 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

98: Barstow TJ, Scremin AM, Mutton DL, Kunkel CF, Cagle TG, Whipp BJ.
Changes in gas exchange kinetics with training in patients with spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1996 Oct;28(10):1221-8.
PMID: 8897377 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

99: Bekesi M.
[Importance of fever in the rehabilitation of spinal cord injuries] Orv Hetil. 1996 Sep 29;137(39):2149-52. Hungarian.
PMID: 8927364 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

100: Capodaglio P, Bazzini G.
Predicting endurance limits in arm cranking exercise with a subjectively based method. Ergonomics. 1996 Jul;39(7):924-32.
PMID: 8690009 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

101: Burstein R, Zeilig G, Royburt M, Epstein Y, Ohry A.
Insulin resistance in paraplegics--effect of one bout of acute exercise. Int J Sports Med. 1996 May;17(4):272-6.
PMID: 8814509 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

102: Hart KA, Rintala DH, Fuhrer MJ.
Educational interests of individuals with spinal cord injury living in the community: medical, sexuality, and wellness topics. Rehabil Nurs. 1996 Mar-Apr;21(2):82-90.
PMID: 8701099 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

103: Betz R, Boden B, Triolo R, Mesgarzadeh M, Gardner E, Fife R.
Effects of functional electrical stimulation on the joints of adolescents with spinal cord injury. Paraplegia. 1996 Mar;34(3):127-36.
PMID: 8668353 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

104: Hopman MT, van Asten WN, Oeseburg B.
Changes in blood flow in the common femoral artery related to inactivity and muscle atrophy in individuals with long-standing paraplegia. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1996;388:379-83. No abstract available.
PMID: 8798838 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

105: Coutts KD, McKenzie DC.
Ventilatory thresholds during wheelchair exercise in individuals with spinal cord injuries. Paraplegia. 1995 Jul;33(7):419-22.
PMID: 7478733 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

106: Kerk JK, Clifford PS, Snyder AC, Prieto TE, O'Hagan KP, Schot PK, Myklebust JB,
Myklebust BM. Effect of an abdominal binder during wheelchair exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Jun;27(6):913-9.
PMID: 7658955 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

107: Dietz V, Colombo G, Jensen L, Baumgartner L.
Locomotor capacity of spinal cord in paraplegic patients. Ann Neurol. 1995 May;37(5):574-82.
PMID: 7755351 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

108: Gass EM, Harvey LA, Gass GC.
Maximal physiological responses during arm cranking and treadmill wheelchair propulsion in T4-T6 paraplegic men. Paraplegia. 1995 May;33(5):267-70.
PMID: 7630652 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

109: Chen SY, Wang YH, Hwang JJ, Huang TS, Lai JS, Lien IN.
Pulmonary embolism presenting as syncope in paraplegia: a case report. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1995 Apr;76(4):387-90.
PMID: 7717841 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

110: Bloomfield SA, Jackson RD, Mysiw WJ.
Catecholamine response to exercise and training in individuals with spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994 Oct;26(10):1213-9.
PMID: 7799764 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

111: Bauman WA, Raza M, Spungen AM, Machac J.
Cardiac stress testing with thallium-201 imaging reveals silent ischemia in individuals with paraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Sep;75(9):946-50.
PMID: 8085927 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

112: Irizawa M, Yamasaki M, Muraki S, Komura T, Seki K, Kikuchi K.
Relationship between heart rate and oxygen uptake during submaximal arm cranking in paraplegics and quadriplegics. Ann Physiol Anthropol. 1994 Sep;13(5):275-80.
PMID: 7872983 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

113: Nash MS, Tehranzadeh J, Green BA, Rountree MT, Shea JD.
Magnetic resonance imaging of osteonecrosis and osteoarthrosis in exercising quadriplegics and paraplegics. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Jun;73(3):184-92.
PMID: 8198775 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

114: Janssen TW, van Oers CA, van der Woude LH, Hollander AP.
Physical strain in daily life of wheelchair users with spinal cord injuries. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994 Jun;26(6):661-70.
PMID: 8052104 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

115: Pandit JJ, Bergstrom E, Frankel HL, Robbins PA.
Increased hypoxic ventilatory sensitivity during exercise in man: are neural afferents necessary? J Physiol. 1994 May 15;477 ( Pt 1):169-75.
PMID: 8071884 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

116: Pitetti KH, Barrett PJ, Campbell KD, Malzahn DE.
The effect of lower body positive pressure on the exercise capacity of individuals with spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994 Apr;26(4):463-8.
PMID: 8201903 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

117: Hopman MT.
Circulatory responses during arm exercise in individuals with paraplegia. Int J Sports Med. 1994 Apr;15(3):126-31. Review.
PMID: 8005724 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

118: Noreau L, Shephard RJ, Simard C, Pare G, Pomerleau P.
Relationship of impairment and functional ability to habitual activity and fitness following spinal cord injury. Int J Rehabil Res. 1993 Dec;16(4):265-75.
PMID: 8175229 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

119: Hopman MT, Verheijen PH, Binkhorst RA.
Volume changes in the legs of paraplegic subjects during arm exercise. J Appl Physiol. 1993 Nov;75(5):2079-83.
PMID: 8307862 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

120: Hopman MT, Kamerbeek IC, Pistorius M, Binkhorst RA.
The effect of an anti-G suit on the maximal performance of individuals with paraplegia. Int J Sports Med. 1993 Oct;14(7):357-61.
PMID: 8244600 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

121: Hooker SP, Greenwood JD, Hatae DT, Husson RP, Matthiesen TL, Waters AR.
Oxygen uptake and heart rate relationship in persons with spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Oct;25(10):1115-9.
PMID: 8231755 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

122: Yim SY, Cho KJ, Park CI, Yoon TS, Han DY, Kim SK, Lee HL.
Effect of wheelchair ergometer training on spinal cord-injured paraplegics. Yonsei Med J. 1993 Sep;34(3):278-86.
PMID: 8259705 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

123: Krauss JC, Robergs RA, Depaepe JL, Kopriva LM, Aisenbury JA, Anderson MA, Lange EK.
Effects of electrical stimulation and upper body training after spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Sep;25(9):1054-61.
PMID: 8231775 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

124: Janssen TW, van Oers CA, Hollander AP, Veeger HE, van der Woude LH.
Isometric strength, sprint power, and aerobic power in individuals with a spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Jul;25(7):863-70.
PMID: 8350710 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

125: Hopman MT, Oeseburg B, Binkhorst RA.
Cardiovascular responses in persons with paraplegia to prolonged arm exercise and thermal stress. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 May;25(5):577-83.
PMID: 8492685 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

126: Furst DM, Ferr T, Megginson N.
Motivation of disabled athletes to participate in triathlons. Psychol Rep. 1993 Apr;72(2):403-6.
PMID: 8488223 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

127: Davis GM.
Exercise capacity of individuals with paraplegia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Apr;25(4):423-32. Review.
PMID: 8479296 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

128: Sipski ML, Alexander CJ, Harris M.
Long-term use of computerized bicycle ergometry for spinal cord injured subjects. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1993 Mar;74(3):238-41.
PMID: 8439248 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

129: Yamasaki M, Irizawa M, Ishii K, Komura T.
Work efficiency of paraplegics during arm cranking exercise. Ann Physiol Anthropol. 1993 Mar;12(2):79-82.
PMID: 8373468 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

130: Hartung GH, Lally DA, Blancq RJ.
Comparison of treadmill exercise testing protocols for wheelchair users. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1993;66(4):362-5.
PMID: 8495700 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

131: Hooker SP, Greenwood JD, Boyd LA, Hodges MR, McCune LD, McKenna GE.
Influence of posture on arm exercise tolerance and physiologic responses in persons with spinal cord injured paraplegia. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1993;67(6):563-6.
PMID: 8149938 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

132: Wang H.
A survey of the treatment of traumatic paraplegia by traditional Chinese medicine. J Tradit Chin Med. 1992 Dec;12(4):296-303. Review. No abstract available.
PMID: 1291826 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

133: Buck MJ.
[Integration of patient exercise/physical therapy in the rehabilitation team] Rehabilitation (Stuttg). 1992 Aug;31(3):154-6. German.
PMID: 1410777 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

134: Hooker SP, Figoni SF, Rodgers MM, Glaser RM, Mathews T, Suryaprasad AG, Gupta SC.
Physiologic effects of electrical stimulation leg cycle exercise training in spinal cord injured persons. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1992 May;73(5):470-6.
PMID: 1580776 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

135: Bauman WA, Spungen AM, Raza M, Rothstein J, Zhang RL, Zhong YG, Tsuruta M, Shahidi R,
Pierson RN Jr, Wang J, et al. Coronary artery disease: metabolic risk factors and latent disease in individuals with paraplegia. Mt Sinai J Med. 1992 Mar;59(2):163-8.
PMID: 1574072 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

136: Kent HO.
Vannini-Rizzoli stabilizing orthosis (boot): preliminary report on a new ambulatory aid for spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1992 Mar;73(3):302-7.
PMID: 1543438 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

137: Petrofsky JS.
Thermoregulatory stress during rest and exercise in heat in patients with a spinal cord injury. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1992;64(6):503-7.
PMID: 1618186 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

138: Bhambhani YN, Eriksson P, Steadward RD.
Reliability of peak physiological responses during wheelchair ergometry in persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991 Jul;72(8):559-62.
PMID: 2059132 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

139: Douglas AJ, Walsh EG, Wright GW, Creasey GH, Edmond P.
The effects of neuromuscular stimulation on muscle tone at the knee in paraplegia. Exp Physiol. 1991 May;76(3):357-67.
PMID: 1878193 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

140: Bostom AG, Toner MM, McArdle WD, Montelione T, Brown CD, Stein RA.
Lipid and lipoprotein profiles relate to peak aerobic power in spinal cord injured men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991 Apr;23(4):409-14.
PMID: 2056897 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

141: Jehl JL, Gandmontagne M, Pastene G, Eyssette M, Flandrois R, Coudert J.
Cardiac output during exercise in paraplegic subjects. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1991;62(4):256-60.
PMID: 2044535 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

142: Figoni SF, Glaser RM, Rodgers MM, Hooker SP, Ezenwa BN, Collins SR, Mathews T, Suryaprasad AG, Gupta SC.
Acute hemodynamic responses of spinal cord injured individuals to functional neuromuscular stimulation-induced knee extension exercise. J Rehabil Res Dev. 1991 Fall;28(4):9-18.
PMID: 1941652 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

143: Ezenwa BN, Glaser RM, Couch W, Figoni SF, Rodgers MM.
Adaptive control of functional neuromuscular stimulation-induced knee extension exercise. J Rehabil Res Dev. 1991 Fall;28(4):1-8.
PMID: 1941644 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

144: Hooker SP, Wells CL.
Physiologic responses of elite paraplegic road racers to prolonged exercise. J Am Paraplegia Soc. 1990 Oct;13(4):72-7.
PMID: 2258732 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

145: Hooker SP, Figoni SF, Glaser RM, Rodgers MM, Ezenwa BN, Faghri PD.
Physiologic responses to prolonged electrically stimulated leg-cycle exercise in the spinal cord injured. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1990 Oct;71(11):863-9.
PMID: 2222153 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

146: Wainberg M, Barbeau H, Gauthier S.
The effects of cyproheptadine on locomotion and on spasticity in patients with spinal cord injuries. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1990 Sep;53(9):754-63.
PMID: 2246657 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

147: Davis GM, Servedio FJ, Glaser RM, Gupta SC, Suryaprasad AG.
Cardiovascular responses to arm cranking and FNS-induced leg exercise in paraplegics. J Appl Physiol. 1990 Aug;69(2):671-7.
PMID: 2228881 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

148: Yarkony GM, Jaeger RJ, Roth E, Kralj AR, Quintern J.
Functional neuromuscular stimulation for standing after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1990 Mar;71(3):201-6.
PMID: 2317138 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

149: Block JE, Steinbach LS, Friedlander AL, Steiger P, Ellis W, Morris JM, Genant HK.
Electrically-stimulated muscle hypertrophy in paraplegia: assessment by quantitative CT. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1989 Sep-Oct;13(5):852-4.
PMID: 2789239 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

150: Bajd T, Kralj A, Turk R, Benko H, Sega J.
Use of functional electrical stimulation in the rehabilitation of patients with incomplete spinal cord injuries. J Biomed Eng. 1989 Mar;11(2):96-102.
PMID: 2784838 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

151: Hooker SP, Wells CL.
Effects of low- and moderate-intensity training in spinal cord-injured persons. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1989 Feb;21(1):18-22.
PMID: 2494416 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

152: Ragnarsson KT.
Physiologic effects of functional electrical stimulation-induced exercises in spinal cord-injured individuals. Clin Orthop. 1988 Aug;(233):53-63.
PMID: 3261220 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

153: Gass GC, Camp EM, Nadel ER, Gwinn TH, Engel P.
Rectal and rectal vs. esophageal temperatures in paraplegic men during prolonged exercise. J Appl Physiol. 1988 Jun;64(6):2265-71.
PMID: 3403413 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

154: Eriksson P, Lofstrom L, Ekblom B.
Aerobic power during maximal exercise in untrained and well-trained persons with quadriplegia and paraplegia. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1988;20(4):141-7.
PMID: 3232045 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

155: Gebauer D, Zintl F, Bernett P, Siebels W.
[Neurophysiological and biomechanical analysis of a gymnastics accident with high transverse paralysis. An example of a sports medicine research study in the area of prevention of sports accidents] Sportverletz Sportschaden. 1987 Apr;1(1):53-8. German.
PMID: 3508008 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

156: Hoffman MD.
Cardiorespiratory fitness and training in quadriplegics and paraplegics. Sports Med. 1986 Sep-Oct;3(5):312-30. Review.
PMID: 3529281 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

157: Taylor AW, McDonell E, Brassard L.
The effects of an arm ergometer training programme on wheelchair subjects. Paraplegia. 1986 Apr;24(2):105-14.
PMID: 3714290 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

158: Pandavela J, Gordon S, Gordon G, Jones C.
Martial arts for the quadriplegic. Am J Phys Med. 1986 Feb;65(1):17-29.
PMID: 3946591 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

159: Hjeltnes N.
Cardiorespiratory capacity in tetra- and paraplegia shortly after injury. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1986;18(2):65-70.
PMID: 3775304 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

160: Kiwerski J.
[Early rehabilitation after spinal cord injuries] Pol Tyg Lek. 1985 Oct 21;40(42):1193-4. Polish. No abstract available.
PMID: 4088934 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

161: Asayama K, Nakamura Y, Ogata H, Hatada K, Okuma H, Deguchi Y.
Physical fitness of paraplegics in full wheelchair marathon racing. Paraplegia. 1985 Oct;23(5):277-87.
PMID: 4069738 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

162: Kiwerski J, Czerwinski R.
[Locomotive capacity of patients with spinal cord injuries in the thoraco-lumbar segment] Pol Tyg Lek. 1985 May 13;40(19):537-40. Polish. No abstract available.
PMID: 4034424 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

163: Petrofsky JS, Phillips CA.
The use of functional electrical stimulation for rehabilitation of spinal cord injured patients. Cent Nerv Syst Trauma. 1984 Fall;1(1):57-74. Review.
PMID: 6400201 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

164: Koch I, Schlegel M, Pirrwitz A, Jaschke B, Schlegel K.
[Objectification of the training effect of sports therapy for wheelchair users] Int J Rehabil Res. 1983 Dec;6(4):439-48. German.
PMID: 6674220 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

165: Gruner JA, Glaser RM, Feinberg SD, Collins SR, Nussbaum NS.
A system for evaluation and exercise-conditioning of paralyzed leg muscles. J Rehabil R D. 1983 Jul;20(1):21-30.
PMID: 6887063 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

166: Wicks JR, Oldridge NB, Cameron BJ, Jones NL.
Arm cranking and wheelchair ergometry in elite spinal cord-injured athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1983;15(3):224-31. No abstract available.
PMID: 6621310 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

167: Maury M, Dollfus P, Guillaumat M.
[Nonsurgical acts for recent paraplegia] Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 1979;65 Suppl 2:58-63. French. No abstract available.
PMID: 158794 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

168: Wicks JR, Lymburner K, Dinsdale SM, Jones NL.
The use of multistage exercise testing with wheelchair ergometry and arm cranking in subjects with spinal cord lesions. Paraplegia. 1977 Nov;15(3):252-61.
PMID: 593716 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

169: Lehmann JF, Stonebridge JB, de Latuer BJ.
Pneumatic and standard double upright orthoses: comparison of their biomechanical function in three patients with spinal cord injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1977 Feb;58(2):72-80.
PMID: 836136 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

170: Hjeltnes N.
Oxygen uptake and cardiac output in graded arm exercise in paraplegics with low level spinal lesions. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1977;9(3):107-13.
PMID: 594687 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

171: Varghese G, Chung TS.
Benign hydroarthrosis of knee in patients with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1976 Oct;57(10):468-9.
PMID: 973786 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

172: Zrubecky G.
[About the relief of severe spasticity in paraplegics (author's transl)] Arch Orthop Unfallchir. 1976 Jun 18;85(1):51-9. German.
PMID: 938313 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

173: Knutsson E, Lewenhaupt-Olsson E, Thorsen M.
Physical work capacity and physical conditioning in paraplegic patients. Paraplegia. 1973 Nov;11(3):205-16. No abstract available.
PMID: 4764887 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

174: Meinecke FW.
[Therapy of traumatic paraplegia] Med Klin. 1972 Jun 2;67(22):761-7. Review. German. No abstract available.
PMID: 4557612 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

175: Bidart Y, Durand J, Martineaud JP.
[The nervous control of peripheral venous constriction at the beginning of exercise. Comparative study in normal man and in paraplegia due to section of the dorsal spinal cord] Pathol Biol (Paris). 1971 Jan;19(1):13-9. French. No abstract available.
PMID: 4926329 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

176: Caro W.
[Treatment of hip deformities in spina bifida cystica patients] Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1971 Jan;108(4):575-82. German. No abstract available.
PMID: 4258735 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

177: Nesmeyanova TN, Trankvillitati AN.
[An electromyographic study of a system of inclusion of trunk and lower extremity muscles in motor activity in patients with full and partial severance of the spinal cord] Biull Eksp Biol Med. 1970 Apr;69(4):40-4. Russian. No abstract available.
PMID: 5487899 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

178: Arens W.
[Physical exercise for patients with spinal cord injuries] Hefte Unfallheilkd. 1970;102:275-7. German. No abstract available.
PMID: 5472305 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

179: Bidart Y, Mensch-Dechene J, Bourdarias JP, Seroussi S.
[Cutaneous circulation of the foot during an exercise of upper limbs in normal subjects and in subjects with traumatic section of the spinal cord] J Physiol (Paris). 1970;62 Suppl 1:130. French. No abstract available.
PMID: 5432400 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

180: Garcia M, Canale G.
[Problems on the physiotherapeutic rehabilitation of patients with myelic vertebral fractures] Minerva Ortop. 1968 Sep;19(9):513-27. Italian. No abstract available.
PMID: 5742004 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  • Spinal Cord Injury articles available through PubMed regarding quadriplegia, tetraplegia, paraplegia and associated conditions related to cardiovascular, pulmonary, pain, pressure sores and exercise

    Articles about paraplegic exercise research.